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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the three months ended
June 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-37540
twnk-20220630_g1.jpg
HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
47-4168492
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
7905 Quivira Road
66215
Lenexa,
KS
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
(816701-4600
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each ClassTicker Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, Par Value of $0.0001 per shareTWNKThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.:
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated
filer 
Non‑accelerated  filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company 
☐ If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Act). Yes  No 
Shares of Class A common stock outstanding - 136,496,962 shares at August 1, 2022




HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022

INDEX
Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.










Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements reflecting our views about our future performance that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements contained in this Quarterly Report other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Statements that constitute forward-looking statements are generally identified through the inclusion of words such as “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “estimates,” “projects,” “anticipates,” “will,” “plan,” “may,” “should,” or similar language. Statements addressing events and developments that we expect or anticipate will occur are also considered forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements included herein are made only as of the date hereof. It is routine for our internal projections and expectations to change throughout the year, and any forward-looking statements based upon these projections or expectations may change prior to the end of the next quarter or year. Readers of this Quarterly Report are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. As a result of a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, our actual results or performance may be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties are identified under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as updated by subsequent filings. All subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these risk factors. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.






3



HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except shares and per share data)

June 30,December 31,
20222021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$206,831 $249,159 
Short-term investments20,918  
Accounts receivable, net178,769 148,180 
Inventories60,809 52,813 
Prepaids and other current assets10,540 10,564 
Total current assets477,867 460,716 
Property and equipment, net359,444 335,305 
Intangible assets, net1,932,636 1,944,392 
Goodwill706,615 706,615 
Other assets, net52,645 19,283 
Total assets$3,529,207 $3,466,311 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Long-term debt and lease obligations payable within one year$14,009 $14,170 
Tax receivable agreement payments payable within one year11,100 11,600 
Accounts payable84,147 68,104 
Customer trade allowances60,668 52,746 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities42,079 47,009 
Total current liabilities212,003 193,629 
Long-term debt and lease obligations1,092,797 1,099,975 
Tax receivable agreement obligations125,452 134,265 
Deferred tax liability336,587 317,847 
Other long-term liabilities1,635 1,605 
Total liabilities1,768,474 1,747,321 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 9)
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 142,546,549 shares issued and 136,486,712 shares outstanding as of June 30, 2022 and 142,031,329 shares issued and 138,278,573 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2021
14 14 
Additional paid in capital1,304,970 1,303,254 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)22,993 (506)
Retained earnings540,434 475,400 
Treasury stock(107,678)(59,172)
Stockholders’ equity1,760,733 1,718,990 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$3,529,207 $3,466,311 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except shares and per share data)
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30, 2022June 30, 2021June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Net revenue$340,472 $291,485 $672,523 $556,906 
Cost of goods sold227,772 186,379 444,199 356,281 
Gross profit112,700 105,106 228,324 200,625 
Operating costs and expenses:
Advertising and marketing
15,587 13,144 27,537 24,925 
Selling10,137 9,454 19,914 18,084 
General and administrative
30,127 23,504 59,799 45,689 
Amortization of customer relationships
5,878 5,878 11,756 11,756 
Total operating costs and expenses61,729 51,980 119,006 100,454 
Operating income 50,971 53,126 109,318 100,171 
Other expense (income):
Interest expense, net9,741 9,954 19,407 19,971 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities 531  455 
Other expense (income)(507)1,067 (71)1,430 
Total other expense9,234 11,552 19,336 21,856 
Income before income taxes41,737 41,574 89,982 78,315 
Income tax expense11,261 11,727 24,948 21,736 
Net income $30,476 $29,847 $65,034 $56,579 
Earnings per Class A share:
Basic$0.22 $0.23 $0.47 $0.43 
Diluted$0.22 $0.21 $0.47 $0.41 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic137,909,156 131,354,059 138,255,803 131,096,686 
Diluted138,958,242 138,925,489 139,263,303 138,026,854 


See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30, 2022June 30, 2021June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Net income$30,476 $29,847 $65,034 $56,579 
Other comprehensive income:
Unrealized gain (loss) on interest rate swap and foreign currency contracts designated as a cash flow hedge6,327 (1,810)29,983 5,251 
Reclassification into net income823 1,152 1,885 2,479 
Income tax expense(1,877)175 (8,369)(2,051)
Comprehensive income$35,749 $29,364 $88,533 $62,258 


See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)
Class A Voting
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in Capital
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Retained
 Earnings
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance–December 31, 2021138,279 $14 $1,303,254 $(506)$475,400 3,753 $(59,172)$1,718,990 
Comprehensive income— — — 18,226 34,558 — — 52,784 
Share-based compensation
350 — 2,339 — — — — 2,339 
Exercise of employee stock options105 — 1,662 — — — — 1,662 
Payment of taxes for employee stock awards— — (5,216)— — — — (5,216)
Repurchase of Common Stock(459)— — — — 459 (9,680)(9,680)
Balance–March 31, 2022138,275 $14 $1,302,039 $17,720 $509,958 4,212 $(68,852)$1,760,879 
Comprehensive income— — — 5,273 30,476 — — 35,749 
Share-based compensation
23 — 2,648 — — — — 2,648 
Exercise of employee stock options37 — 579 — — — — 579 
Payment of taxes for employee stock awards— — (296)— — — — (296)
Repurchase of common stock(1,848)— — — — 1,848 (38,826)(38,826)
Balance–June 30, 2022136,487 $14 $1,304,970 $22,993 $540,434 6,060 $(107,678)$1,760,733 

Class A Voting
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in Capital
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Retained
 Earnings
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance–December 31, 2020130,347 $13 $1,281,018 $(10,407)$356,101 444 $(6,000)$1,620,725 
Comprehensive income — — — 6,162 26,732 — — 32,894 
Share-based compensation146 — 2,723 — — — — 2,723 
Exercise of employee stock options20 — 262 — — — — 262 
Payment of taxes for employee stock awards— — (843)— — — — (843)
Exercise of public warrants672 — 7,722 — — — — 7,722 
Balance–March 31, 2021131,185 $13 $1,290,882 $(4,245)$382,833 444 $(6,000)$1,663,483 
Comprehensive income (loss)— — — (483)29,847 — — 29,364 
Share-based compensation22 — 1,640 — — — — 1,640 
Exercise of employee stock options220 — 3,135 — — — — 3,135 
Exercise of public warrants209 — 2,405 — — — — 2,405 
Payment of taxes for employee stock awards— — (392)— — — — (392)
Repurchase of common stock(1,176)— — — — 1,176 (16,691)(16,691)
Balance–June 30, 2021130,460 $13 $1,297,670 $(4,728)$412,680 1,620 $(22,691)$1,682,944 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Operating activities
Net income$65,034 $56,579 
Depreciation and amortization27,951 25,223 
Debt discount amortization615 621 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities 455 
Unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains)(217)73 
Non-cash lease expense247 659 
Share-based compensation4,987 4,363 
Deferred taxes10,374 13,932 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(30,600)(23,194)
Inventories(7,996)(2,816)
Prepaids and other current assets(131)8,844 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses8,967 1,735 
Customer trade allowances7,934 827 
Net cash provided by operating activities87,165 87,301 
Investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(36,302)(20,051)
Acquisition of short-term investments(20,918) 
Acquisition and development of software assets(5,607)(2,129)
Net cash used in investing activities(62,827)(22,180)
Financing activities
Repayments of long-term debt and lease obligations(5,584)(5,584)
Repurchase of common stock(48,506)(16,691)
Tax payments related to issuance of shares to employees(5,512)(1,235)
Cash received from exercise of options and warrants2,241 13,524 
Payments on tax receivable agreement(9,313)(9,270)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(66,674)(19,256)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents8 (92)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents(42,328)45,773 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period249,159 173,034 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$206,831 $218,807 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest, net of amounts capitalized$18,599 $19,451 
Net taxes paid (refunded)$11,489 $(1,506)
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing:
Accrued capital expenditures$6,358 $5,046 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
Hostess Brands, Inc. is a Delaware corporation headquartered in Lenexa, Kansas. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Hostess Brands, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”). The Company is a leading sweet snacks company focused on developing, manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing snacks in the U.S. under the Hostess® brands and in North America under theVoortman® brands. The Company produces a variety of new and classic treats including iconic Hostess® Donettes®, Twinkies®, CupCakes, Ding Dongs® and Zingers®, as well as a variety of Voortman® branded cookies and wafers.
Basis of Presentation
The Company’s operations are conducted through wholly-owned operating subsidiaries. The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The results of operations for any quarter or a partial fiscal year period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other periods or the full fiscal year. For the periods presented, the Company has one reportable segment.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides practical expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The expedients and exceptions provided by the amendments in this update apply only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued as a result of reference rate reform. ASU No. 2020-04 is elective and effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Once elected, this ASU must be applied prospectively for all eligible contract modifications. The Company will adopt Topic 848 when its relevant contracts are modified upon transition to alternative reference rates. The Company does not expect the adoption of Topic 848 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Principles of Consolidation
All intercompany balances and transactions related to activity between the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries have been eliminated in consolidation.    
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and for the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
Held-to-Maturity Debt Securities
The Company classifies its investments in debt securities where it has positive intent and ability to hold until maturity as held-to-maturity. As of June 30, 2022, the Company’s held-to-maturity investments included $55.6 million of commercial paper and $17.0 million of U.S. treasury securities classified as cash and cash equivalents and $12.9 million of U.S. treasury securities and $8.0 million of U.S. agency bonds classified as short-term investments on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had no held-to-maturity investments. Held-to-maturity debt securities are recorded at amortized cost, which approximates fair value, and realized gains or losses are reported in interest expense, net on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized less than $0.1 million in realized gains and losses. The Company’s held-to-maturity investments are classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy because they are valued using inputs other than quoted prices, which are directly or indirectly observable in the market, including prices for similar assets in active markets as well as quoted prices for identical or similar assets in markets that are not active.
9


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable represents amounts invoiced to customers for performance obligations which have been satisfied. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company’s accounts receivable were $178.8 million and $148.2 million, respectively, which have been reduced by an allowance for damages occurring during shipment, quality claims and doubtful accounts in the amount of $4.3 million and $3.0 million for the periods ending June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
The allowance for doubtful accounts represents the Company’s estimate of expected credit losses related to trade receivables. To estimate the allowance for doubtful accounts, the Company leverages information on historical losses, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future conditions. Account balances are written off against the allowance when the Company deems the amount is uncollectible.
Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net-realizable value on a first-in first-out basis. Abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs, and wasted material (spoilage) are expensed in the period they are incurred.
The components of inventories are as follows:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Ingredients and packaging$29,286 $22,607 
Finished goods27,570 26,988 
Inventory in transit to customers3,953 3,218 
$60,809 $52,813 
Capitalized Interest
The Company capitalizes a portion of the interest on its term loan (see Note 4. Debt and Lease Obligations) related to certain property and equipment during its construction period. The capitalized interest is recorded as part of the asset to which it relates and depreciated over the asset’s estimated useful life. The Company capitalized interest of $0.2 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. No interest was capitalized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021. Capitalized interest is included in property and equipment, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Software Costs
Capitalized software is included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets in the amount of $18.3 million and $14.7 million as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Capitalized software costs are amortized over their estimated useful life of up to five years commencing when such assets are ready for their intended use. Software amortization expense included in general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations was $1.0 million and $2.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, compared to $1.0 million and $1.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.
Disaggregation of Revenue
Net revenue consists of sales of packaged food products primarily within the Sweet Baked Goods (“SBG”) category in the United States, as well as in the Cookie category in the United States and Canada.
10


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following tables disaggregate revenue by geographical market and category.
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In thousands)
Sweet Baked GoodsCookiesTotal
United States$303,437 $32,348 $335,785 
Canada 4,687 4,687 
$303,437 $37,035 $340,472 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
(In thousands)
Sweet Baked GoodsCookiesTotal
United States$262,491 $24,407 $286,898 
Canada 4,587 4,587 
$262,491 $28,994 $291,485 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
(In thousands)
Sweet Baked GoodsCookiesTotal
United States$599,809 $63,264 $663,073 
Canada 9,450 9,450 
$599,809 $72,714 $672,523 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
(In thousands)
Sweet Baked GoodsCookiesTotal
United States$500,191 $48,210 $548,401 
Canada 8,505 8,505 
$500,191 $56,715 $556,906 
Concentrations
The Company had one customer (together with its affiliates) that accounted for 20.1% and 20.4% of total net revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, and 18.1% and 19.3% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.



11


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
2. Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consists of the following:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Land and buildings$73,729 $70,692 
Right of use assets, operating32,192 32,192 
Machinery and equipment301,313 299,071 
Construction in progress59,486 26,027 
466,720 427,982 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(107,276)(92,677)
$359,444 $335,305 
Depreciation expense was $7.7 million and $14.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, compared to $5.7 million and $11.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, respectively.

3. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities are the following:
(In thousands)June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Payroll, vacation and other compensation$8,704 $7,791 
Incentive compensation14,706 21,172 
Accrued interest5,295 4,828 
Interest rate swap and foreign currency contracts157 2,042 
Other13,217 11,176 
$42,079 $47,009 
12


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
4. Debt and Lease Obligations
A summary of the carrying value of the debt and lease obligations are as follows:
(In thousands)June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Term loan (3.6% as of June 30, 2022)
Principal$1,086,013 $1,091,596 
Unamortized debt premium and issuance costs(3,380)(3,679)
1,082,633 1,087,917 
Lease obligations24,173 26,228 
Total debt and lease obligations1,106,806 1,114,145 
Less: Current portion of long term debt and lease obligations(14,009)(14,170)
Long-term portion$1,092,797 $1,099,975 
At June 30, 2022, minimum debt repayments under the term loan are due as follows:
(In thousands)
2022$5,584 
202311,167 
202411,167 
20251,058,095 
Leases
The Company has entered into operating leases for certain properties which expire at various times through 2026. The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception.
At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, right of use assets related to operating leases are included in property and equipment, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets (see Note 2. Property and Equipment). As of June 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company has no outstanding financing leases. Lease liabilities for operating leases are included in the current and non-current portions of long-term debt and lease obligations on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The table below shows the composition of lease expense:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(In thousands)June 30, 2022June 30, 2021June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Operating lease expense$1,585 $1,771 $3,188 $3,424 
Short-term lease expense461 379 834 582 
Variable lease expense391 385 773 742 
$2,437 $2,535 $4,795 $4,748 

13


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
5. Derivative Instruments
Interest Rate Swap and Foreign Currency Contracts
The Company entered into interest rate swap contracts with counterparties to make a series of payments based on fixed rates ranging from 1.11% to 2.06% in addition to the term loan margin of 2.25% and receive a series of payments based on the greater of LIBOR or 0.75%. Both the fixed and floating payment streams are based on the June 30, 2022 notional amount of $700 million, outstanding through August 2025. The Company entered into these transactions to reduce its exposure to changes in cash flows associated with its variable rate debt and has designated these derivatives as cash flow hedges. At June 30, 2022, the interest on the Company’s variable rate debt hedged by these contracts is effectively fixed at rates ranging from 3.36% to 4.31%.
To reduce the effect of fluctuations in Canadian dollar (“CAD”) denominated expenses relative to their U.S. dollar equivalents originating from its Canadian operations, the Company entered into CAD purchase contracts. The contracts provide for the Company to sell a total of $13.0 million USD for $16.5 million CAD at varying defined settlement dates through June 2023. The Company has designated these contracts as cash flow hedges.
A summary of the fair value of interest rate and foreign currency instruments is as follows:
(In thousands)June 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
Asset derivativesLocation
Interest rate swap contracts (1)Other non-current assets$31,925 $1,803 
Liability derivativesLocation
Interest rate swap contracts (1)Accrued expenses$ $1,798 
Foreign currency contracts (2)Accrued expenses157 244 
$157 $2,042 
(1) The fair values of interest rate swap contracts are measured on a recurring basis by netting the discounted future fixed cash payments and the discounted expected variable cash receipts. The variable cash receipts are based on the expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observed market interest rate curves (Level 2).
(2) The fair values of foreign currency contracts are measured at each reporting period by comparison to available market information on similar contracts (Level 2).

A summary of the gains and losses related to interest rate and foreign currency instruments in the condensed consolidated statements of operations is as follows:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(In thousands)June 30,
2022
June 30,
2021
June 30,
2022
June 30,
2021
Loss on derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedgesLocation
Interest rate swap contractsInterest expense, net$823 $1,152 $1,885 $2,479 

6. Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding for the period excluding non-vested share-based awards. In computing diluted earnings per share, basic earnings per share is adjusted for the assumed issuance of all applicable potentially dilutive share-based awards including RSUs and stock options as well as public and private placement warrants.
14


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Below are basic and diluted net income per share:
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
June 30, 2022June 30, 2021June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Numerator:
Net income (in thousands)$30,476 $29,847 $65,034 $56,579 
Denominator:
Weighted-average Class A shares outstanding - basic 137,909,156 131,354,059 138,255,803 131,096,686 
Dilutive effect of warrants 6,867,024  6,319,296 
Dilutive effect of RSUs559,426 555,050 522,424 486,250 
Dilutive effect of stock options489,660 149,356 485,076 124,622 
Weighted-average shares outstanding - diluted138,958,242 138,925,489 139,263,303 138,026,854 
Net income per Class A share - basic$0.22 $0.23 $0.47 $0.43 
Net income per Class A share - diluted$0.22 $0.21 $0.47 $0.41 
For warrants that are liability-classified, during periods when the impact would be dilutive, the Company assumes share settlement of the instruments as of the beginning of the reporting period and adjusts the numerator to remove the change in fair value of the warrant liability and adjusts the denominator to include the dilutive shares calculated using the treasury stock method. All warrants were exercised or expired as of December 31, 2021.

7. Income Taxes
The Company is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes as well as Canadian income tax on its controlled foreign subsidiary. The income tax provision is determined based on the estimated full year effective tax rate, adjusted for infrequent or unusual items, which are recognized on a discrete basis in the period they occur. The Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate is 27.2% prior to taking into account any discrete items.
15


HOSTESS BRANDS, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

8. Tax Receivable Agreement Obligations
The following table summarizes activity related to the tax receivable agreement for the six months ended June 30, 2022:
(In thousands)
Balance December 31, 2021$145,865 
Payments(9,313)
Balance June 30, 2022$136,552 

As of June 30, 2022 the future expected payments under the tax receivable agreement are as follows:
(In thousands)
2022$2,300 
202310,300 
202410,100 
20259,400 
20269,600 
Thereafter94,852 

9.     Commitments and Contingencies
Liabilities related to legal proceedings are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the associated amount can be reasonably estimated. Where the estimated amount of loss is within a range of amounts and no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, the minimum amount is accrued. As additional information becomes available, potential liabilities are reassessed and the estimates revised, if necessary. Any accrued liabilities are subject to change in the future based on new developments in each matter, or changes in circumstances, which could have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
In December 2020, the Company asserted claims for indemnification against the sellers under the terms of the Share Purchase Agreement pursuant to which the Company acquired Voortman. The Company’s claims were for an aggregate of approximately $90 million CAD in damages arising out of alleged breaches by the sellers of certain representations, warranties and covenants contained in such agreement relating to periods prior to the closing of the acquisition. The Company also submitted claims relating to these alleged breaches under the representation and warranty insurance policy (“RWI”) it purchased in connection with the acquisition. In June 2022, the RWI insurers agreed to pay the Company $42.5 million CAD (the RWI coverage limit) related to these breaches. The Company expects to realize the proceeds as a gain in its condensed consolidated statement of operations when they are received in the third quarter of 2022. The Company, together with the RWI insurers, now intends to pursue claims against the sellers. Although the Company strongly believes that its claims against the sellers are meritorious, no assurance can be given as to whether the Company will recover all, or any part, of the amounts it pursues directly against the sellers.



16


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting the consolidated operating results, financial condition, liquidity and capital resources of Hostess Brands, Inc. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included herein, and our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The terms “our”, “we,” “us,” and “Company” as used herein refer to Hostess Brands, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Overview
We are a leading sweet snacks company focused on developing, manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing snacks in the U.S. under the Hostess® and in North America under the Voortman® brands. Our direct-to-warehouse (“DTW”) product distribution system allows us to deliver to our customers’ warehouses. Our customers in turn distribute to the retail stores.
Hostess® is the second leading brand by market share within the Sweet Baked Goods (SBG) category, according to Nielsen U.S. total universe. For the 13-week period ended July 2, 2022, our branded SBG (which includes Hostess®, Dolly Madison®, Cloverhill® and Big Texas®) market share was 21.7% per Nielsen’s U.S. SBG category data.
Factors Impacting Recent Results
We believe volatility in certain aspects of the global supply chain have had a continued impact on our operations, including the cost and availability of labor, transportation and raw materials. Various macro factors, including, but not limited to, the COVID-19 pandemic, labor market trends, rising fuel and transportation costs, the conflict in Ukraine, the Avian Influenza and overall elevated demand for goods, have led to fragility in the supply chain. We have attempted to mitigate the impact of these cost increases on our business, to the extent possible, by locking in prices on certain raw materials and through pricing actions implemented with customers in 2021 and the first half of 2022.
Given the fragility of the global supply-chain environment, our ability to source raw materials for our production facilities or produce and ship products to meet the needs of our customers may be materially impacted. We continue to work closely with all of our vendors, distributors, contract manufacturers and other external business partners to maintain availability of our products for our customers and consumers.



17


Operating Results
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
(In thousands, except per share data)
June 30, 2022June 30, 2021June 30, 2022June 30, 2021
Net revenue$340,472 $291,485 $672,523 $556,906 
Gross profit112,700 105,106 228,324 200,625 
As a % of net revenue33.1 %36.1 %34.0 %36.0 %
Operating costs and expenses61,729 51,980 119,006 100,454 
Operating income 50,971 53,126 109,318 100,171 
Other expense 9,234 11,552 19,336 21,856 
Income tax expense11,261 11,727 24,948 21,736 
Net income 30,476 29,847 65,034 56,579 
Earnings per Class A share:
Basic$0.22 $0.23 $0.47 $0.43 
Diluted$0.22 $0.21 $0.47 $0.41 

Results of Operations
Net Revenue
Net revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2022 increased $49.0 million, or 16.8%, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. Contribution from previously taken pricing actions and product mix provided 13.8% of the growth, while higher volumes accounted for 3.0% of the quarterly growth. Compared to the same period last year, SBG net revenue increased $41.0 million or 15.6%, while cookies net revenue increased $8.0 million or 27.6%.
Net revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased $115.6 million, or 20.8%, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. Contribution from previously taken pricing actions and favorable product mix provided nearly 12.1% of the growth, while higher volumes accounted for 8.7% of the year-to-date growth. Compared to the same period last year, SBG net revenue increased $99.6 million or 19.9%, while cookies net revenue increased $16.0 million or 28.2%.
Gross Profit
Gross profit increased 7.2% and was 33.1% of net revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of 295 basis points from a gross margin of 36.1% for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in gross margin was due to inflation and inefficiencies caused by supply-chain fragility, partially offset by favorable price/mix and productivity benefits. The increase in gross profit was attributed to pricing actions and higher volume.
Gross profit increased 13.8% and was 34.0% of net revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of 207 basis points from a gross margin of 36.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in gross margin was attributed to inflationary pressures, partially offset by favorable price/mix. Gross profit increased from the benefit of pricing actions and higher volume.
Operating Costs and Expenses
Operating costs and expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2022 were $61.7 million, compared to $52.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily attributed to higher advertising expense as well as higher investments in our workforce, depreciation expense and share-based compensation expense.
Operating costs and expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2022 were $119.0 million, compared to $100.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily attributed to higher investments in our workforce as well as project consulting costs, higher advertising expense and depreciation expense.
18


Other Expense
Other expense for the three months ended June 30, 2022 was $9.2 million compared to $11.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in other expense was due to lapping costs related to certain corporate initiatives in the prior year period and favorable remeasurement of foreign currency in the current year period. Interest expense on our term loan was $9.7 million and $9.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Other expense for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was $19.3 million compared to $21.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in other expense was due to lapping costs related to certain corporate initiative in the prior year period. Interest expense on our term loan was $19.1 million and $19.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2022 was 27.0% compared to 28.2% for the three months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in the tax rate is attributed to discrete tax expense recognized in the prior-year period.
Our effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was 27.7% compared to 27.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The tax rates in both current and prior-year periods reflect certain immaterial discrete tax items. Absent these items, the Company’s effective tax rate would have been approximately 27.0% in both periods.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary sources of liquidity are from cash on hand, future cash flow generated from operations, and availability under our revolving credit agreement (“Revolver”). We believe that cash flows from operations and the current cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments on the balance sheet will be sufficient to satisfy the anticipated cash requirements associated with our existing operations for at least the next 12 months. Our future cash requirements include, but are not limited to, the purchase commitments for certain raw materials and packaging used in our production process, scheduled rent on leased facilities, scheduled debt service payments on our term loan, settlements on related interest rate swap contracts, payments on our tax receivable agreement, settlements on our outstanding foreign currency contracts and outstanding purchase orders on capital projects.
Our ability to generate sufficient cash from our operating activities depends on our future performance, which is subject to general economic, political, financial, competitive and other factors beyond our control. In addition, future cash requirements could be higher than we currently expect as a result of various factors, including any expansion of our business that we undertake, such as acquisitions or bringing new production facilities on line. We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
We had working capital, excluding cash and short-term investments, as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 of $38.1 million and $17.9 million, respectively. We have the ability to borrow under the Revolver to meet obligations as they come due. As of June 30, 2022, we had approximately $93.9 million available for borrowing, net of letters of credit, under our Revolver.
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Cash flows provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 were $87.2 million and $87.3 million, respectively. Despite an increase in earnings, operating cash flow remained relatively the same due to tax refunds of $7.7 million received in the prior-year period.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Investing activities used $62.8 million and $22.2 million of cash for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. On February 22, 2022, we purchased a facility in Arkadelphia, Arkansas for a total purchase price of $11.5 million. Additional capital expenditures were incurred on this project during the six months ended June 30, 2022, and we expect elevated capital expenditures due to this project throughout the remainder of 2022. Additionally, during the six months ended June 30, 2022, we invested in short-term marketable securities of $20.9 million.
19


Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Financing activities used $66.7 million and $19.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The net outflow in the current-year period consisted of cash used to repurchase 2.3 million shares of our common stock under existing securities repurchase authorizations, as well as scheduled payments under the tax receivable agreement and term loan. The net outflow in the prior-year period reflects proceeds on exercise of employee stock options and proceeds from the exercise of public warrants, offset by cash used to repurchase 1.2 million shares of our common stock under existing securities repurchase authorizations and scheduled payments under the tax receivable agreement and term loan.
Long-Term Debt
As of June 30, 2022, $1,086.0 million aggregate principal amount of the term loan was outstanding and letters of credit worth up to $6.1 million aggregate principal amount were available, reducing the amount available under the Revolver. We had no outstanding borrowings under our Revolver as of June 30, 2022, with a remaining borrowing capacity of $93.9 million. As of June 30, 2022, we were in compliance with the covenants under the term loan and the Revolver.
Contractual Obligations, Commitments and Contingencies
There were no material changes, outside the ordinary course of business, in our outstanding contractual obligations from those disclosed within “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
During the three months ended June 30, 2022, we reached an agreement with the insurers of the representations and warranty insurance policy related to the acquisition of Voortman. Under the terms of this agreement, we expect to receive $42.5 million CAD in the third quarter of 2022. We expect to recognize this nonrecurring gain as a component of other income within our condensed consolidated statement of operations.

Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, see Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Our exposures to market risk have not changed materially since December 31, 2021.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e)) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)) as of June 30, 2022, the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2022 to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and that information relating to the Company is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
During the six months ended June 30, 2022, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.



20


PART II

Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are involved from time to time in lawsuits, claims and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. These matters typically involve personnel and employment issues, personal injury claims, contract matters and other proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Although we do not expect the outcome of these matters to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations, litigation is inherently unpredictable. Therefore, we could incur judgments, enter into settlements or be subject to claims that could materially impact our results.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
Our risk factors are set forth in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 1, 2022. There have been no material changes to our risk factors since the filing of the Form 10-K.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Not applicable.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information
None.
21


Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit No. Description
   
10.1
10.2
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
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101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104The cover page from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, formatted in Inline XBRL
(1) Filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 10, 2022 and incorporated herein by reference.




Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on August 3, 2022.